Myth or Fact?
The IUD is not a safe method of birth control.
The IUD, or intrauterine device, is a small t-shaped device that is implanted in the uterus, where it releases small amounts of hormones or copper in order to prevent pregnancy.
Many people have memories or have heard stories about an IUD from the 1970s called the Dalkon Shield. This type of IUD caused problems for many people because of a flawed design that allowed bacteria to more easily enter the uterus. Since then, manufacturers have redesigned the IUD and have increased testing to assure safety.
The two most popular IUDs today are the copper ParaGard and the Mirena. The copper has no hormones, which makes it a great option for those who do not wish to use hormonal birth control. The Mirena releases small amounts of progestin, which thickens cervical mucus and blocks the ovaries from releasing eggs. A third type of IUD, the Skyla, also uses hormones, but is slightly smaller than the Mirena.
Because IUDs can be effective for 5-12 years, (depending on the type), the IUD is a great choice for people looking for safe, reliable, long-term birth control!
To learn more about the IUD and other birth control options, visit Planned Parenthood’s website here.
-Tuggle, Sex Educator